There are six elective positions in Kenya namely President, Member of Parliament, Governor, Member of County Assembly, Senator and Women Representative.

Qualifications for Presidential Candidate:

  • A Kenyan citizen by birth
  • Of sound mind
  • A registered voter
  • Qualified to stand for election as a member of Parliament
  • Nominated by a political party
  • Is an independent candidate nominated by not fewer than two thousand voters from each of a majority of the counties.
  • A degree holder from a university recognized by Kenya
  • Satisfies the requirements of Chapter Six of the Constitution

Qualifications for Member of Parliament

  • Be a registered voter;
  • Hold a post-secondary qualification;
  • Satisfy moral and ethical requirements set by the Constitution and relevant Acts of Parliament;
  • Nominated by a Political Party or to be an independent candidate nominated by at least 1,000 registered voters from the constituency where he/she is contesting for the National Assembly

According to the Constitution, the following will disqualify a person from being a parliamentary candidate:

  • Is  a State or public officer, other than a member of Parliament;
  • Was  a member of the IEBC in the last 5 years before the election date;
  • Has not been a citizen for at least 10 years before the election date;
  • Is of unsound mind;
  • Has been declared bankrupt;
  • Has been sentenced to at least 6 months in prison at the time of registering as a candidate or the date of elections; or
  • Has been found to have misused or abused a State or public office.

Roles of Members of the National Assembly.

  • Represent the people of the constituencies and special interests;
  • Deliberate on and resolve issues of concern to the people;
  • Enact legislation in accordance with the Constitution;
  • Determine the allocation of national revenue between the levels of government, as provided in the Constitution;
  • Appropriate funds for expenditure by the national government and other State organs;
  • Exercise oversight over national revenue and its expenditure;
  • Review the conduct in office of the President, the Deputy President and other State officers and initiate the process of removing them from office (impeachment), if necessary;
  • Exercise oversight of State organs; and
  • Approve declarations of war and extends of states of emergency.

Qualifications for gubernatorial Candidate.

  • Be a Kenyan citizen
  • Be of sound mind
  • Be a registered voter
  • Be qualified to stand for election as Governor
  • Be nominated by a political party
  • Is an independent candidate endorsed by at least two thousand voters from the county of his/her interest
  • Be eligible for election as a member of the county assembly
  • Must possess a degree from a university recognized in Kenya
  • Satisfy the requirements of Chapter Six of the Constitution

Roles of the governor

A county governor has general roles and responsibilities, which include:

  • Acting as the head of the county executive;
  • Being in charge of all county services;
  • Appointing the county executive committee with the approval of county assembly; and
  • Appointing town committees and municipal boards for towns and municipalities within the county area.

Qualifications For County Assembly Candidate

  • Be a Kenyan citizen
  • Be of sound mind
  • Be a registered voter
  • Be qualified to stand for election as a member of the County Assembly
  • Be nominated by a political party, or is an independent candidate
  • Be eligible for election as a member of the County Assembly
  • Satisfy the requirements of Chapter Six of the Constitution
  • Possess post-secondary school education

Qualifications for Senate Candidate

  • Be a Kenyan citizen
  • Be of sound mind
  • Be a registered voter
  • Be qualified to stand for election as Senator
  • Be nominated by a political party
  • Is an independent candidate endorsed by at least two thousand voters from within the county of interest
  • Be eligible for election as a member of the senate
  • Must possess Post-secondary education
  • Satisfy the requirements of Chapter Six of the Constitution

 Roles of a Senator

  • Represent the counties, and serve to protect the interests of the counties and their governments;
  • Participate in the law-making function of Parliament by considering, debating and approving Bills concerning counties, as provided for in the Constitution;
  • Determine the allocation of national revenue among counties, as provided in the Constitution;
  • Exercise oversight over national revenue allocated to the county governments; and
  • Participate in the oversight of State officers by considering and determining any resolution to remove the President or Deputy President from office in accordance with the Constitution.